Fuel Cell Membrane Characterization

Fuel Cell Membrane Characterization

Fuel cell membrane aging

Nafion based fuel cell membranes are multilayer structures with a permeation membrane and two thin layers of noble metal in a polymer matrix acting as the anode and the cathode of the fuel cell. Cross-sectional Fuel Cell Membrane Characterization is useful for studying mechanisms that impact lifetime and performance of the fuel cell. Shown below are XPS images from an aged fuel cell membrane that indicate the presence of fluorocarbon degradation products in the anode and cathode regions.

Fig. 1: X-ray beam induced secondary electron image (SXI) of cross-sectioned fuel cell membrane

Fig. 1: X-ray beam induced secondary electron image (SXI) of cross-sectioned fuel cell membrane

Fig. 2: Elemental image for fluorine (F 1s)

Fig. 2: Elemental image for fluorine (F 1s)

Fig. 3: F 1s spectrum from the imaged area

Fig. 3: F 1s spectrum from the imaged area

Fig. 4: Chemical state images for fluorine showing fluorocarbon chemistry in the center of the membrane and fluoride chemistry in the anode and cathode regions.

Fig. 4: Chemical state images for fluorine showing fluorocarbon chemistry in the center of the membrane and fluoride chemistry in the anode and cathode regions.